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Russia restricts rare gas exports, which may exacerbate global chip supply constraints

Russia has restricted exports of noble gas, including neon and helium, based on approved government decrees.

These gases are indispensable raw materials for the production of semiconductors.

Russia supplies up to 30% of the world's inert gases. The government document said that exports of noble gas can now only be carried out on the basis 

of the government's decision on the advice of the Ministry of Industry and Trade. This could adversely affect global chip supply.

Vasily Shpak, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of Russia, said on Thursday (June 2) that the policy of restricting the export of rare gases will continue 

until the end of 2022 to strengthen its position in the international market.

Helium and neon are both important components needed to make chips. Neon, in particular, plays a key role in the manufacturing of advanced semiconductors.

Ukraine, once one of the world's largest suppliers of the noble gas, produced about half of the world's neon gas before factories in Mariupol and Odesa 

were shut down by the fighting in March.

Spark told Reuters that Russia's move would provide an opportunity to "rearrange those chains that are now broken and build new ones".

The Russian government has said on May 30 that until December 31, the export of noble gases that Russia used to offer to Japan and other countries will 

only be carried out with special permission from the state.

Russia currently accounts for 30 percent of the global supply of rare gases, according to estimates by the Russian Trade Ministry.

 India's "Economic Times" (The Economic Times) said that according to a resolution of the Russian cabinet of ministers, now only the Russian government 

can decide whether these rare gases can be delivered to the outside world.

Sources told the outlet that it would be more difficult for some countries to produce electronics without Russia's neon, argon and helium.

Russia's export restrictions could exacerbate supply constraints in the global chip market. The move could allow Russia to export these gases in exchange for semiconductor imports.

Taiwan, the world's main chip-producing region, imposed restrictions on chip exports to Russia after the war between Russia & Ukraine on February 24.

The Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade has confirmed that the agreements already reached will be taken into account when making decisions on the 

export supply of these gases.

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For decades, batteries have been the preferred storage device for portable electronics, mainly because of their ability to store energy (high energy density). 
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and even newer battery technologies such as lithium ion are still a poor solution for high power applications. In applications demanding high power, over-engineering the battery will rarely be the right solution, and will typically result in increased size, weight, and cost, and/or reduced cycle life and energy. 
In other words, a magic bullet is hard to find.

This power deficit is being stretched further by the explosion in the Internet of Things (IoT). These applications are usually wireless-enabled, and yet they demand ever smaller and more portable devices, with more features and functions. Wireless transmissions, even over very short distances,
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Supercapacitors combine the energy storage properties of batteries with the power discharge characteristics of capacitors.
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Super capacitor Characteristics
Charge/Discharge Time: Milliseconds to seconds
Operating Temperature: -40°C to +85C°
Operating Voltage: Aqueous electrolytes ~1V; Organic electrolytes 2 – 3V
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Operating Life: 5,000 to 50,000 hrs (a function of temperature and voltage)
Power Density: 0.01 to 10 kW/ kg
Energy Density: 0.05 to 10 Wh/ kg
Pulse Load: 0.1 to 100A
Pollution Potential: No heavy metals

Super capacitor Advantages
Provide peak power and backup power
Extend battery run time and battery life
Reduce battery size, weight and cost
Enable low/high temperature operation
Improve load balancing when used in parallel with a battery
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